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【生活】谈方向

编辑:《交际汉语》 录入:suemiao 来源:《交际汉语》ONE 2011-05-23 16:51:27 

 

  谈方向

路标 


  在北京,如果迷失方向,完全不必着急。北京是个大城市,北京人对外国人都很热情。一{人还可以用英语和你交谈,告诉你如何认路。北京是个正南正北,东西走向的城市,北京人给外地人指路时,通常会说:"请往东走一米再向北走"而不说:"请往前走一百米再向:转弯"。除北京外,中国其他城市的人在给陌生人指引方向时与世界各地大致相同。.


  初到北京人生地不熟。也可以考虑买一北京市区地图。在北京除了过路人会帮助认路外,还可以找路上的警问路,他们对周围环境非常熟悉,地铁服务人员、出租汽车司机等也都会帮助你。


  此外,北京人一般不说街区,出门在外注意要记住大的建筑物或标志,以免迷路。

 


  

Cultural Background


  Talking about Directions


  There''s no need to panic if you get lost in Beijing. Being a major metropolis, Beijingers are very friendly towards foreigners, some people could even give you directions in English.


  When asking for directions in Beijing, notice that because Beijing is designed in a strictly North South layout, most people refer to the points of campus rather than directions like left or right. So instructions often go along the lines of "go east a hundred meters and turn north", instead of "go straight ahead and turn left". But in other cities in China as in around world, most people will refer to left and right when giving directions


  A Beijing metropolitan area map is a good idea when you get to Beijing and need to get around. Aside from passing pedestrians who can help you find your way, you can also seek help from the traffic police working on the streets, because they know the areas like the back of their hands. Also, people working in subway stations, taxi drivers and others can all offer assistance.  Beijingers usually don''t refer to streets or suburbs, so it''s handy to remember major buildings or landmarks when you go out, to avoid getting lost.

 


  还是坐地铁去吧/一一"还是"表示经过比较考虑,引出选择。


  往东一拐就到了。一一用"一……就……"的句式,表示一种动作或情况出现后,紧接着会发生另一种动作或情况。如:一学就会。一看就懂。


  动词"在"表示存在。用"在"时,宾语一般是方位词或表示方位的名词、代词。如:在前面、在哪儿、在右边等。


  Language Points


  "还是坐地铁去吧!"一",I ''d better take the subway!"还是" is used to show that the choice has come after consideration and comparison.
  "往东一拐就到"Make a turn to the east and you''re there. " Using the""一……就……" pattern means that after an action or condition occurs, immediately following another action or condition would occur.


  For example:
  "一学就会 " As soon as you learn you''ll know how . "一看就懂 ""As soon as you take a look you''ll understand."
  The verb在means to be.  In using"在 ", the object is usually a direction word or a noun showing position. For example, in front, where, on the right, etc.

 

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