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万里长城

编辑:佚名 录入:suemiao 来源:网络孔子学院 2011-04-08 15:32:56 

 

 

长城 

  长城不仅是人类的伟大建筑工程,更代表了中国人民的精神。其中,八达岭长城是万里长城最具有代表性的部分。站在八达岭上看整个长城高耸云端,从南到北盘踞在嘉峪关和居庸关上,整个长城无边无际,一望无垠。很多人登上长城,用长城之歌来激励自己。


  The Great Wall is not only the magnum opus of human being but also the soul of China! And the Badaling Great Wall is the eximious representation of The Great Wall. On the peak of the Badaling, the Great Wall is towering. It goes up to the South peak and north peak from the Guan city, convolves on the Ridge of Jundu Mountain. You can not see its beginning and end, it disappears beyond. So many people climbed it, felt inspirited, sang the praises of it and gasped in admiration……


  长城是什么时候建起的呢?这个伟大的工程经历了多少的岁月?这当中又包含了多少的艰辛和困苦?古人又为其留下了多少的泪水和赞扬,痛苦和欢乐……中国的长城是人类文明史上最伟大的建筑工程,如果没有到长城就等于没有到中国,就像到了巴黎不去看埃菲尔铁塔,到了埃及怎么能不看金字塔一样。这就是人们常说的:不到长城非好汉。但是,你知道长城的历史吗?


  When did it be built in the groups of mountains? What imprints did the remote years left behind? How many hardships and dangers did it got through? It also has many move one to praises and tears, lamentable and laughable stories of the historical people……The Great Wall which be created by the human being will be your nice mind forever! The Great Wall is one of the wonders of the world that created by human being! If you come to China without climbing The Great Wall, just as well as you come to Paris without visiting The Iron Tower, come to Egypt without visiting the pyramids! Man often say:" The man who have not climbed The Great Wall is not the true man." Do you know the history of The Great Wall?


  它始建于两千多年前的春秋战国时期,秦朝统一中国之后联成万里长城。汉、明两代又曾大规模修筑。其工程之浩繁,气势之雄伟,堪称世界奇迹。岁月流逝,物是人非,如今当您登上昔日长城的遗址,不仅能目睹逶迤于群山峻岭之中的长城雄姿,还能领略到中华民族创造历史的大智大勇。


  The beginning of the consumption of the Great Wall can be traced back to the 9th century BC in the Zhou period, Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, ordered to begin the construction of a great wall, under which project the long walls in the north of the former Qin. Back in the Warring States Period, to strengthen defense against each other, the princedoms built massive walls on their borders and linked series of walls and beacon towers into continuous lines, hence the name “Great wall.” As they differed in the area of territory, their defensive walls varied in length. Long walls were constructed in the Northern Wei and Sui periods, as recorded in ancient texts. During the Ming period, When all the walls built by numerous princedoms in the Spring-Autumn and Warring States Period and later by various dynasties over a span of two millennia were linked together, the Great Wall would come to the grand total of well over 50,000 km in length— a marvelous engineering feat in human history!

 

  Vocabulary


  长城 cháng chéng
  The Great Wall
  中国古代由大小王朝所修建的用于军事防御的城墙,其连续不断绵延达数千公里。
  A kind of defensive wall constructed during ancient Chinese dynastys, extending to several kilometers.


  八达岭 bā dá lǐng
  Badaling
  八达岭长城是长城中保存最好的一段,也是最具代表性的一段。
  Badaling is the best prserved section of the Great Wall.


  嘉峪关 jiā yù guān
  Jiayuguan
  万里长城的西端起点,是长城沿线建造规模最为壮观的一座古代军事城堡.
  Jiayuguan is the east strat of the Great Wall, also a spectacular traditional military caster.


  居庸关 jū yōng guān
  Juyongguan Pass
  长城沿线上的著名古关城,国家级文物保护单位。
  It''s a famous traditional military caster along the Great Wall, the national-level cultural relics protection unit.


  伟大 wěi dà
  Great
  非常雄伟宏大.
  Major significance or importance.


  激励 jī lì
  Incentive
  激发和鼓励.
  Encourage; urge


  赞扬 zàn yáng
  Praise
  称赞;表扬;称扬
  Offering words of homage as an act of worship.


  目睹 mù dǔ
  Witness
  亲眼看见。
  Someone sees an event and reports what happened.

 

 

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